betway必威体育:全国工商管理硕士研究生考试英语模拟试题

  由细菌引起的:Have a bacterial cause

[B] Bailyn overemphasizes the economic dependence of the colonies on
Great Britain。

  真题段落二:

Section Ⅳ Writing

  密切相关 be intimately linked

[B] Paying attention to details

  参考译文:他帮助普及这样一个观点,即以前认为不是由细菌引起的某些疾病实际上就是传染病,该观点第一次提出来的时候,引起了很大的争议。

[E] Narrowing the search

  使他们承受独特的进化力量have subjected them to unique evolutionary
pressures

Text1

  希望通过这两段真题中的段落,能让考生认识到应该积累何种固定搭配,寒假是打牢根基的好时节,希望各位考生能够踏实备考。预祝大家备考顺利,取得理想佳绩!

Text3

  参考译文:Cochran博士认为,高智商与疾病密切相关。

[B] A conventional model is dismissed and an alternative introduced。

  结构提示:that some diseases 是前面 the idea 的同位语从句,not
previously thought to have a bacterial
cause做后置定语修饰前面的diseases,主干是some diseases were actually
infections.

  1. It can be inferred from the text that which of the following would
    most probably be one major difference in behavior between Manager X, who
    uses intuition to reach decisions, and Manager Y, who uses only formal
    decision analysis?

  被看做基因隔离的结果 be seen as a consequence of genetic isolation

made to a thesis referred to earlier in the text.[C] A thesis referred
to earlier in the text is mentioned, and three examples are presented
and

  Even he, however,might tremble at the thought of what he is about to
do.

[C] The colonists imitated the high culture of England, and did not
develop a culture that was uniquely their own。

  遭受一些令人难受的遗传性疾病

[D] By the 1730’s,migrants already skilled in a trade were in more
demand by American employers than were unskilled laborers。

  ●高频搭配

16.[A] assessing[B] supervising[C] administering[D] valuing

  归因于社会影响 have been put down to social effects

  1. The text provides support for which of the following statements?

  ●巩固习题

Finally, remember that the ultimate measure of your success as an
investor depends not on your owning the best-performing mutual fund.
Only one fund will be the top performer over the next decade, and
there’s no way to predict which one it will be. Meeting your own
financial goals should ultimately be the yardstick by which you measure
your investment success.

  以前被认为是不相关的have previously been thought unrelated

  1. Which of the following statements about migrants to colonial North
    America is supported by information in the text?

  ●高频搭配

[C] take advantage of social research on the experiences of colonists
who migrated to colonial North America specifically to acquire land。

  ●巩固习题

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank
and mark A, B, C or D onANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  帮助普及该观点:Help popularize the idea

[A] A larger percentage of migrants to colonial North America came as
indentured servants than as free agents interested in acquiring land。

  许多正在准备2016研究生考生的考生都询问都教授,考研[微博]英语在寒假中应该怎样备考呢,都教授认为,英语在寒假阶段重在基础积累,除了词汇的记忆外,固定搭配也是一大重点,能够帮助考生更好的理解段落文章主旨。下面都教授就利用真题带各位考生来看看应该重点记忆何种搭配的词汇。

The ease with which a fish can reverse the effect of the sidedness of
its eye asymmetry simply by turning around has caused biologists to
study internal anatomy, especially the optic nerves, for the answer. In
all flatfish the optic nerves cross, so that the right optic nerve is
joined to the brain’s left side and vice versa. This crossing introduces
an asymmetry, as one optic nerve must cross above or below the other. G.
H. Parker reasoned that if, for example, a flatfish’s left eye migrated
when the right optic nerve was on top, there would be a twisting of
nerves, which might be mechanically disadvantageous. For starry
flounders, then, the left-eyed variety would be selected against, since
in a starry flounder the left optic nerve is uppermost。

  一想到……就害怕的身体颤抖:Tremble at the thought of

[B] Manager X checks possible solutions to a problem by systematic
analysis; Manager Y does not。

  矛盾的状态 paradoxical state of affairs

ranked in order of their support of the thesis.[D] A thesis is stated,
three seemingly opposing examples are presented, and their underlying

  高度重视教育的传统a strong tradition of valuing education

One way to begin your search for a good fund is to use the Morningstar
star rating. The rating is a useful tool for narrowing the field to
funds that have done a good job of balancing return and risk in the
past. To assign ratings, Morningstar uses a formula that compares a
fund’s risk-adjusted historical performance with that of other funds
within four rating groups – domestic stock funds, international stock
funds, taxable bond funds, and municipal bond funds。

  文章来源:文都教育

[A] Managers who rely on intuition are more successful than those who
rely on formal decision analysis。

  Dr.Cochran suggests that the intelligence and diseases are
intimately linked.

9.[A] attaining[B] scoring[C] reaching[D] calculating

  真题段落一:

Finally, Bailyn argues that the colonies were a half-civilized
hinterland of the European culture system. He is undoubtedly correct to
insist that the colonies were part of an Anglo-American empire. But to
divide the empire into English core and colonial periphery, as Bailyn
does, devalues the achievements of colonial culture. It is true, as
Bailyn claims, that high culture in the colonies never matched that in
England. But what of seventeenth-century New England, where the settlers
created effective laws, built a distinguished university, and published
books? Bailyn might respond that New England was exceptional. However,
the ideas and institutions developed by New England Puritans had
powerful effects on North American culture。

  They also suffer more often than most people from a number of nasty
genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts , however, social
effects, such as a strong tradition of valuing education. The latterwas
seen as a consequence of genetic isolation .Dr.Cochran suggests that the
inteligence and diseases are intimately linked. His argument is that the
unusual history of these people has subjected them to unique
evolutionary pressures that have reasulted in this paradoxical state of
affairs.

Coltrane himself probably believed that the only essential
characteristic of jazz was improvisation, the one constant in his
journey from bebop to open-ended improvisations on modal, Indian, and
African melodies. On the other hand, this dogged student and prodigious
technician — who insisted on spending hours each day practicing scales
from theory books — was never able to jettison completely the influence
of bebop, with its fast and elaborate chains of notes and ornaments on
melody。

  与众不同,出类拔萃的人:Rare bird

Section I Use of English

  The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than
others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But
Gregory Cochran is prepared to say it anyway. He is that rare bird, a
secientist who works independently of any institution. He helped
popularize tha idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a
bacterail cause were actually infections ,which aroused much controversy
when it was first suggested.

18.[A] linked[B] integrated[C] woven[D] combined

  不依附于任何机构:Work indipendently of any institution

Bailyn’s third proposition suggest two general patterns prevailing among
the many thousands of migrants: one group came as indentured servants,
another came to acquire land. Surprisingly, Bailyn suggests that those
who recruited indentured servants were the driving forces of
transatlantic migration. These colonial entrepreneurs helped determine
the social character of people who came to pre-industrial North America.
At first, thousands of unskilled laborers were recruited; by the 1730’s,
however, American employers demanded skilled artisans。

  引起了很大的争议:Arouse much controversy

In this part, you are asked to write a composition according to the
information below. You should write more than 150 words neatly on ANSWER
SHEET 2. (15 points)

  不敢公开:Dare not speak its name

Before you begin examining potential investments, it’s important to take
some time to assess your own goals and risk tolerance. If you start with
a clear objective in mind, as well as an understanding as to how you
might react if your investment loses money, you’ll be less likely to
purchase a fund that doesn’t fit your needs. And that’s what often leads
to disappointment. It is important to look for funds that are
appropriate for both your goals and your investment temperament。

  He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not previously
thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections , which
aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

[B] describe carefully how migrants of different ethnic backgrounds
preserved their culture in the United States。

Bernard Bailyn has recently reinterpreted the early history of the
United States by applying new social research findings on the
experiences of European migrants. In his reinterpretation, migration
becomes the organizing principle for rewriting the history of
pre-industrial North America. His approach rests on four separate
propositions。

[A] Watching related expenses and making wise choice

[A] An assertion is made and a specific supporting example is given。

5.[A] Only[B] So[C] Even[D] Hence

[C] Bailyn’s description of the colonies as part of an Anglo-American
empire is misleading and incorrect。

You and your family are planning for a trip to Hong Kong during the May
holiday. Write a letter to a travel agency to explain your travel plans,
ask for relevant information, and express your gratitude for a reply.
(10 points)

44.

[C] Managers” intuition works contrary to their rational and
analytical skills。

  1. According to the text, John Coltrane did all of the following during
    his career EXCEPT [A] improvise on melodies from a number of different
    cultures. [B] perform as leader as well as soloist. [C] spend time
    improving his technical skills. [D] eliminate the influence of bebop
    on his own music。

  2. According to the text a major difference between Coltrane and other
    jazz musicians was the

This group generally do well in IQ test, 12-15 points above the value of
100, and have contributed to the intellectual and cultural life of the
West, as the of their elites, including several world-renowned
scientists, . They also suffer more often than most people from a number
of nasty genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts, , have
previously been thought unrelated. The former has been to social
effects, such as a strong tradition of education. The latter was seen as
a (an) of genetic isolation. Dr. Cochran suggests that the intelligence
and diseases are intimately . His argument is that the unusual history
of these people has them to unique evolutionary pressures that have
resulted in this state of affairs。

7.[A] advises[B] suggests[C] protests[D] objects

Directions:

[B] It is partially acceptable。

  1. In terms of its tone and form, the text can best be characterized as
    [A] dogmatic explanation. [B] indignant denial. [C] enthusiastic
    praise. [D] speculative study。

[A] degree to which Coltrane’s music encompassed all of jazz. [B]
repetition of motifs that Coltrane used in his solos. [C] number of
his own compositions that Coltrane recorded. [D] indifference Coltrane
maintained to musical technique。

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”
instead。

There’s no free lunch in fund investing: in addition to the sales fees
that some fund companies charge, fund investors must also pay management
fees and trading costs. Unfortunately, you don’t necessarily get what
you pay for – no one has ever shown that more expensive funds provide
greater returns. Look for funds with reasonable costs. The expense
ratio, which expresses annual costs as a percentage amount, is probably
the best number to use when comparing mutual fund costs。

17.[A] development[B] origin[C] consequence[D] instrument

3.[A] of[B] with[C] in[D] against

Part A

The problem with the above explanation is that the Japanese starry
flounder population is almost exclusively left-eyed, and natural
selection never promotes a purely less advantageous variation. As other
explanations proved equally untenable, biologists concluded that there
is no important adaptive difference between left-eyedness and
right-eyedness, and that the two characteristics are genetically
associated with some other adaptively significant characteristic. This
situation is one commonly encountered by evolutionary biologists, who
must often decide whether a characteristic is adaptive or selectively
neutral. As for the left-eyed and right-eyed flatfish, their difference,
however striking, appears to be an evolutionary red herring.36.
According to the text, starry flounder differ form most other species of
flatfish in that starry flounder [A] are not basically bilaterally
symmetric. [B] do not become asymmetric until adulthood. [C] do not
all share the same asymmetry. [D] have both eyes on the same side of
the head.37. Which of the following best describes the organization of
the text as a whole? [A] A phenomenon is described and an
interpretation presented and rejected. [B] A generalization is made
and supporting evidence is supplied and weighed. [C] A contradiction
is noted and a resolution is suggested and then modified. [D] A series
of observations is presented and explained in terms of the dominant
theory.38. The text supplies information for answering which of the
following questions? [A] Why are Japanese starry flounder mostly
left-eyed? [B] Why should the eye-sidedness in starry flounder be
considered selectively neutral? [C] Why have biologists recently
become interested in whether a characteristic is adaptive or

43.

12.[A] missions[B] fortunes[C]betway必威体育, interests[D] careers

20.[A] paradoxical[B] incompatible[C] inevitable[D] continuous

[D] They have misunderstood how managers use intuition in making
business decisions。

  1. According to the text,Bailyn and the author agree on which of the
    following statements about the culture of colonial New England?

[C] Manager X takes action in order to arrive at the solution to a
problem; Manager Y does not。

11.[A] unconsciously[B] disproportionately

[C] Weighing your financial goals and expectations first

1.[A] selected[B] prepared[C] obliged[D] pleased

[A] Manager X analyzes first and then acts; Manager Y does not。

[A] High culture in New England never equaled the high culture of
England。

The first of these asserts that residents of early modern England moved
regularly about their countryside; migrating to the New World was simply
a natural spillover. Although at first the colonies held little positive
attraction for the English — they would rather have stayed home — by the
eighteenth century people increasingly migrated to America because they
regarded it as the land of opportunity. Secondly, Bailyn holds that,
contrary to the notion that used to flourish in America history
textbooks, there was never a typical New World community. For example,
the economic and demographic character of early New England towns varied
considerably。

Biologists call this kind of gradual variation over a certain geographic
range a “cline” and interpret clines as strong indications that the
variation is adaptive, a response to environmental differences. For the
starry flounder this interpretation implies that a geometric difference
(between fish that are mirror images of one another) is adaptive, that
left-eyedness in the Japanese starry flounder has been selected for,
which provokes a perplexing question: what is the selective advantage in
having both eyes on one side rather than on the other?

Proponents of different jazz styles have always argued that their
predecessor’s musical style did not include essential characteristics
that define jazz as jazz. Thus, 1940’s swing was belittled by beboppers
of the 1950’s who were themselves attacked by free jazzes of the 1960’s.
The neoboppers of the 1980’s and 1990’s attacked almost everybody else.
The titanic figure of Black saxophonist John Coltrane has complicated
the arguments made by proponents of styles from bebop through neobop
because in his own musical journey he drew from all those styles. His
influence on all types of jazz was immeasurable. At the height of his
popularity, Coltrane largely abandoned playing bebop, the style that had
brought him fame, to explore the outer reaches of jazz。

meaning of the difference between left-eyed and right-eyed
flatfish?[A] “Most striking” (line 3, paragraph 1)[B] “variation is
adaptive” (line 2, paragraph 2)[C] “mechanically disadvantageous”
(line 7, paragraph 3)[D] “evolutionary red herring” (line 9, paragraph
4)

Text2

Flatfish, such as the flounder, are among the few vertebrates that lack
approximate bilateral symmetry (symmetry in which structures to the left
and right of the body’s midline are mirror images). Most striking among
the many asymmetries evident in an adult flatfish is eye placement:
before maturity one eye migrates, so that in an adult flatfish both eyes
are on the same side of the head. While in most species with asymmetries
virtually all adults share the same asymmetry, members of the starry
flounder species can be either left-eyed (both eyes on the left side of
head) or right-eyed. In the waters between the United States and Japan,
the starry flounder populations vary from about 50 percent left-eyed off
the United States West Coast, through about 70 percent left-eyed halfway
between the United States and Japan, to nearly 100 percent left-eyed off
the Japanese coast。

[A] speed up of the creation of a solution to a problem。

15.[A] given up[B] got over[C] carried on[D] put down

13.[A] affirm[B] witness[C] observe[D] approve

Part A

[C] The results of recent research are introduced and summarized。

[B] identify a problem。

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